Uzbekistan Conducts Efficient State and Public Control in the Sphere of Labor

On October 7, 2016 the Federation of Trade Unions organized a conference on the theme “The national dialogue on the issues of the future of labor sphere” on the occasion of the World Day for Decent Work.

The event as attended by deputies of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan, representatives of relevant ministries, agencies, NGOs, academic institutions and trade unions, as well as the International Labour Organization (ILO), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and foreign diplomatic missions accredited in Uzbekistan.

It should be noted that in 2015 the ILO launched the initiative to conduct national dialogues on the future of the labor sphere with the involvement of the social partners, scientific circles and civil society institutions in all countries. Uzbekistan was one of the first to support the Director General Guy Ryder’s call to conduct this dialogue.

The conference included discussions on such areas as “Work and society”, “Decent work for all”, “Organization of labor and production”, and “Management of labor sphere”.

During the event, it was reported that the ILO decent work concept is based on four key strategic objectives – the realization of fundamental rights at work, employment creation and income generation, improvement of social protection systems and the strengthening of social dialogue.

In accordance with this concept, to ensure stable employment, overcome all discrimination in this area, cover all workers with labor contracts, payment of wages to an employee in an amount which is sufficient for a decent life for himself and his family, are considered as the basic elements of decent work.

To ensure decent work the most important directions of ongoing work in this area are creation of favorable and safe working conditions, development of effective social security systems, implementation of the right of workers to unite in trade unions, collective bargaining and preventing all forms of child labor and forced labor.

The participants have noted that Uzbekistan has implemented concrete measures to further improve labor relations, protection of rights and legal interests of citizens in social and labor sphere, the close cooperation with ILO. Annually around 1 million jobs are created in the country, public monitoring on the authenticity of newly created jobs and decent working conditions is carried out.

At the same time, a systematic work has been conducted to promote employment through the development of home-based work, handicrafts, stimulation of livestock production in private farms. An important factor in increasing the level of formal employment sector is the development of small business and private entrepreneurship, which involves about 80 percent of all employed in the economy and provides 56 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

In Uzbekistan, an effective state and public control is carried out in the sphere of labor, a constructive social dialogue is established among the government, trade unions and employers to implement decent work principles. There are no problems associated with the use of the worst forms of child labor, discrimination in labor relations on grounds of sex, race, language, religion and other grounds unrelated to employees’ qualifications. The growth in inequality of household incomes is not allowed.

At the conference participants have presented a number of proposals on global directions on labor sphere, enhancing the potential of the social partners. In particular, it is proposed to strengthen the institutional and technical capacity of government labor inspection for the implementation of new technologies to work with employers, communities and modern ICT, including research and development experience of foreign countries in their activities.

It is particularly emphasized the issues of supporting scientific and educational institutions, as well as the preparation of a new generation of textbooks on international labor law, the support of Call-centers of the Ministry of Labour and Trade Unions of Uzbekistan, assisting employers’ organizations in the sustainable competitiveness and accountability of enterprises.

Proposals put forward during the event will be summarized and presented to the ILO as a recommendation. This will be the contribution of Uzbekistan in the development of labor relations at the global level.

The Embassy of Uzbekistan

41, Holland Park, London W11 3RP

[email protected]

 

This press release is published by SupplyFinder on behalf of the Embassy Of Uzbekistan in London

Doing Business in China

Doing business in China open door

Doing business in China can be highly rewarding, and new firms would be in good company. This year FDI in China has so far risen by 4.5% over 2015, bucking the global trend for falling investment flows. Two-thirds of that investment arises from foreign companies eager to establish a presence. However, like anywhere around the globe, business success can ultimately depend on understanding the cultural nuances of doing business.

Keys to Doing Business in China

China represents a unique cultural environment for doing business, with some distinct features that should be understood and embraced if a business is to successfully enter the market or trade.

Building Relationships

Personal relationships and trust are absolutely central to doing business in China, opening the door to deal-making and helping to overcome many of the difficulties associated with market entry and investment.

For the Chinese, relationship-building and the creation of trust before embarking on any business partnership is essential, and getting to know someone face to face is perceived as by far the most effective way of assessing whether they are trustworthy. This is why personal face-to-face meetings are particularly appreciated in Chinese business culture, and should be expected as a key part of developing relationships.

china doing business building relationships

This can mean that initial progress towards achieving business goals may be slow, and this should be understood from the outset. However careful investment in relationship-building will create a solid foundation for future growth.

Assume therefore that first visits to China will accomplish little more than getting to know potential business partners.

Guanxi

Possessing good guanxi (pronounced gwan shee) is what many Chinese and foreign companies credit their success to. Guanxi are one’s network of social and business connections, seen by the Chinese as deeply rooted in mutual benefits and reciprocity and therefore a distinctly two-way relationship.

The strong emphasis on personal relationships in Chinese business culture is mainly directed towards the building of guanxi in a country where centralisation and bureaucracy can imply heavy reliance on personal contacts to get things done.

guanxi doing business in chinaGuanxi places certain obligations on those involved particularly that the relationship will be productive for both sides and ongoing. Therefore if guanxi is expected to deliver, relationships should be sustained through regular contact.

The State’s Role in Business

Despite a gradual reduction of state presence in Chinese business and the swift growth of the private sector many companies in key sectors are still state-owned, and many apparently private companies have a component of state control.

This can strongly influence the manner in which a company does business, and foreign business partners should be alert to the wider business and political environment in which potential Chinese customers or partners operate.

doing business china state role

Interested companies should also note that local government and municipal officials often exercise a greater degree of power than counterparts in other countries.

Taking the time therefore to identify and build personal relationships with key officials can make doing business in China infinitely less time-consuming.

Next we go on to talk about aspects of personal business interaction when doing business in China

Uzbekistan Approves Measures for Accelerated Development of Entrepreneurship

 

On October 5, Interim President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoev approved additional measures to ensure the accelerated development of entrepreneurship, the full protection of private ownership and qualitative improvement of the business climate.

uzbekistan decree

This decree is aimed primarily at further strengthening the legal protection of private property, creation of favorable conditions and comprehensive support for small business and private entrepreneurship, increasing the investment attractiveness of the Republic and represents clear evidence of the transition of state policy in this sphere to a qualitatively new level.

In particular, the decree establishes “providing greater freedom to small business and private entrepreneurship, a radical reduction of interference in their activities with a focus on early warning, improving the efficiency of prevention of violations” as a critical priority and of paramount importance for the state authorities.

Uzbekistan entrepreneurship decree

For these purposes, the state bodies, especially law enforcement and regulatory agencies are instructed to:

– provide the unconditional implementation of the established requirements and the principle of priority of the rights and legitimate interests of business entities, and in connection with the above, to critically review own functions and powers;

– ensure strict compliance with the requirements of the legislation on the responsibility of officials for illegal interference and obstruction of business activities, its unjustified suspension and compensation of the damage caused to business entities directly from the guilty.

This provision obliges the public authorities to apply not only the most stringent disciplinary, administrative or criminal liability, but also to ensure the recovery of the damage caused to business entities directly from the perpetrators.

The implementation of these measures is aimed at preventing the initiation and conduct of illegal inspections, particularly cases of unjustified suspension of the activity of businesses and causing losses due to illegal actions by workers of state organs.

The decree establishes a number of fundamentally new mechanisms of state control, aimed at providing reliable legal guarantees against unjustified interference in the activities of business entities.

In particular, starting from 1 January 2017, the following unprecedented measures are to be applied, including the abolition of all kinds of:

Uzbekistan decree entrepreneurship

– unscheduled inspections over activities of business entities, excluding the inspections in connection with the liquidation of a legal entity, as well as conducted exceptionally by the decision of Republican Council on the coordination of regulatory authorities of short-term inspections based on appeals of individuals and legal entities about the facts of violations of the law;

– counter-checks of activities of business entities, including in criminal cases.

Thus, from now on, regulatory authorities may not initiate unscheduled inspections. In order to ensure legal mechanisms for the protection of the rights and interests of citizens, short-term inspections remain limited only on the basis of appeals of individuals and legal entities on violations of the law. Such inspections can be carried out exclusively by the decision of the national Council, and its duration is limited to one working day.

Along with this, continuing the policy towards liberalising administrative and criminal law, the decree provides for such drastic new measures as the exemption of businesses and their employees, who made financial and economic violations for the first time from all kind of liabilities. Entities carrying out an entrepreneurial activity without state registration are also exempt from liability, in the case of compensation for their damages and of the voluntary elimination of the consequences of violations within the established deadlines.

In addition, a criminal penalty of deprivation of the right to engage in entrepreneurial activities in respect of businesses is prohibited from now on.

These standards not only preclude double punishment of businesses, but also provide an opportunity for citizens, first-time offenders, who compensated their guilt, to continue their business activities without negative consequences, which also intends to stimulate their business activity.

In this regard, appropriate amendments will be made to the Penal code, the Code of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility, the Tax code and other laws.

To improve the investment attractiveness of the Republic, the newly established industrial enterprises with foreign investments can enjoy tax rates and other mandatory payments in effect on the date of their registration during 5 years of their subsequent activity.

This exemption applies to all enterprises with foreign investment irrespective of the amount invested.

The implementation of the Decree will allow for the provision of continuity and sequence of the course defined by the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the drastic elimination of administrative barriers and artificial obstacles to the development of entrepreneurship as a key factor of sustainable development of the economy.

For further information please contact:

Embassy of Uzbekistan in London

[email protected]

This press release is published by SupplyFinder on behalf of the Embassy Of Uzbekistan in London

1st International Fruit and Vegetable Fair in Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan Fruit Vegetable Fair 2016

The 1st International Fruit and Vegetable Fair will be held at JSC Uzexpocentre from 8th to 10th November 2016 in Tashkent. The fair will allow Uzbek companies to present their products, expand their markets for agricultural products, and find new foreign partners. Foreign participants will be able to find partners to establish the supply of fruits and vegetables in their markets. 

The International Fruit and Vegetables Fair is organized by HC Uzbekozikovkatholding, HC Uzvinosanoat-Holding, the Association Uzbekozikovkatzahira, JSC Uzagroeksport and LLC Directorate of International Fruit and Vegetable Fair.

The fair is expected to involve more than 150 domestic suppliers and processors of fruits and vegetables from all regions of Uzbekistan, representatives of relevant ministries, agencies and organisations that represent their products, as well as the needed information for exporters and foreign buyers.

Particularly in exhibition halls there will be presented Uzbek-produced fresh, dried and processed fruits, vegetables, melons and legumes, as well as spices.

Currently there is strong interest for local producers of fruits and vegetables among foreign processing and retail companies.

In order to establish cooperation links between local producers and foreign participants, a negotiation zone will be available in the pavilions of “Uzexpocentre”, where suppliers will be able to hold direct talks with the representatives of foreign trade companies, in particular with procurement decision makers.

Fruit and Vegetable Fair Uzbekistan

Also for foreign participants of the fair there will be special tours of fruit and vegetable processing enterprises, cold storage facilities, as well as extensive gardens.

The main purpose of the fair is:

  • A wide introduction to foreign partners of vegetables, fruits, grapes and melons with unique qualities, as well as processed products produced in Uzbekistan;
  • Establishing long-term and reciprocal partnership relationships between fruit and vegetables producers, processing enterprises and foreign companies and importers.
  • Conclusion of contracts for the supply of fruit and vegetable products.

The Organizing Committee of the fair (Directorate of International Fruit and Vegetable Fair) receives requests from representatives of foreign processing companies, retail companies, shopping and logistics centers to participate in the upcoming fairs.

Registration of participants will close on 5th November 2016.

Contacts:

Embassy of Uzbekistan in London

[email protected]

This press release has been published by SupplyFinder on behalf of the Embassy of Uzbekistan in London

Israel and Palestine – House Of Lords Hansard – Viscount Waverley (CB)

My Lords, my remarks fit between those of the noble Lords, Lord Trimble and Lord Desai.

The Palestinian situation needs to be redefined, if it is to be resolved. The people of historic Palestine have been saddled with the most intense and long-standing stream of emotional and political support, more than any refugee community has received in modern times. Such support, however, has been deluding the Palestinian people and kept them from facing a painful reality—an impossible dream. Their country and homes in Palestine have been permanently lost. Others forced to accept the stark reality of permanent displacement have ultimately been able to move forward with their lives, because they were allowed to settle as full citizens in adopted countries. Not so Palestinians—more than often they are treated as second-class citizens, with little or no civil rights.

The Palestine tragedy has played into the hands of some with the displacement, the Nakba, becoming a cause célèbre for Arabs and Muslims without sufficient support in practical terms. The Israelis have understood all this, and so was created the Palestinian Authority, which has done little more than legitimise de facto Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza. This illusion of return maintained by the Palestinian leadership has achieved the net result of perpetuating the misery for the Palestinian people, who have never given up the powerful emotion of hope. Some would say that this illusion of return has provided a powerful excuse to avoid integrating the Palestinian refugees as full citizens—the excuse being that the never-to-be-fulfilled dream of eventual return to Palestine, and being given citizenship, technically undermined their right of return to Palestine and so should be denied them.

This humiliation tears at the heart of all Palestinians, who care more vehemently about this than any issue in their lives. I combine my remarks on the impossibility of ownership of ancestral land with the critical need to have a legal identity—citizenship with full rights that would allow a person to operate productively in the modern world. This means having a passport and legal residency enabling them to live, work and travel, such as those of a citizen of any respected state.

Why might the time be arriving when Palestinians might consider the painful reality? The first generation, which lived through the Nakba, has now passed. Subsequent Palestinians have endured years of suffering, having grown up in refugee camps with minimal education, training or work opportunities. As things stand, there is no viable future for them or their children. What is required is a collective decision of the Palestinians, but only by those Palestinians who have no nationality, since they are the only ones paying the price. A referendum of all stateless Palestinians should take place on the single question of right of return and claims to Jerusalem in return for nationality and a homeland. Israel should proactively adopt and drive this catalyst for change. It holds the cards and is the only player with the hard power to effect change on the ground.

Rejectionists might resort to terrorism, but the Palestinian people who will have voted will have an enormous stake in its success. Their will would prevail in creating a foundation block in rebuilding a secure and prosperous Levant—failing which, a son of ISIS could become the future of the region. The sensitivity of return must be balanced with the prospect of life in dignity for their children and their children’s children.

Step forward King Abdullah. The time has arrived for the people to decide. Give them the hope they cherish. Let this become a defining moment, a time of partnership, allowing Israel to redefine its contribution to the Arab world.

China’s Economy is Slowing but is this All Part of the Plan?

China’s economy may be showing signs of slowing down but China will continue to drive global growth for years to come.

China's economy still drives global growth
China’s economy is decelerating but this aligns with government plans

China has been a worldwide economic phenomenon for decades.  Since 1978 its GDP has increased 48 fold. Its workforce now exceeds 800 million with 13 million jobs created in 2015. Exports last year alone totalled US$ 2.28 trillion (about 77% of the United Kingdom’s GDP). China is now the world’s second largest economy based on nominal GDP and is predicted to be number one by 2024.

Indian Economy: The Elephant Is Dancing

The Indian economy ranks as the seventh largest economy globally and is forging ahead with projected annual GDP growth of over 7% to 2021.

Indian economy is growing
India is revealing its economic muscle

India is the world’s largest democracy and one of its most linguistically and culturally diverse nations. Its survival as a great nation state is a tribute to the pragmatism, initiative and ingenuity of its leaders and its people.  These qualities have in recent years been translated into economic success. In contrast to China, India was slow to start liberalising its economy. As a result China’s economy has regularly outperformed India’s since the 1970s. But this is changing, with Indian GDP growth of over 7% in 2015 and 2016 exceeding that of China’s.

Uzbekistan Economy: Pathway to the Future

Uzbekistan is among the five fastest growing economies in the world with GDP growth surging to 8% in 2015. Will structural reforms enable the Uzbekistan economy to double its GDP by 2030?

Uzbekistan economy

The recent annual report of President Karimov of Uzbekistan focused on the results of the country’s socio-economic development in 2015 and priorities for the coming year. Uzbekistan continues to demonstrate consistently positive and high macroeconomic indicators, remarkable amidst a slowing global economy and the challenges facing China.