Geographic

Uzbekistan Conducts Efficient State and Public Control in the Sphere of Labor

On October 7, 2016 the Federation of Trade Unions organized a conference on the theme “The national dialogue on the issues of the future of labor sphere” on the occasion of the World Day for Decent Work.

The event as attended by deputies of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan, representatives of relevant ministries, agencies, NGOs, academic institutions and trade unions, as well as the International Labour Organization (ILO), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and foreign diplomatic missions accredited in Uzbekistan.

It should be noted that in 2015 the ILO launched the initiative to conduct national dialogues on the future of the labor sphere with the involvement of the social partners, scientific circles and civil society institutions in all countries. Uzbekistan was one of the first to support the Director General Guy Ryder’s call to conduct this dialogue.

The conference included discussions on such areas as “Work and society”, “Decent work for all”, “Organization of labor and production”, and “Management of labor sphere”.

During the event, it was reported that the ILO decent work concept is based on four key strategic objectives – the realization of fundamental rights at work, employment creation and income generation, improvement of social protection systems and the strengthening of social dialogue.

In accordance with this concept, to ensure stable employment, overcome all discrimination in this area, cover all workers with labor contracts, payment of wages to an employee in an amount which is sufficient for a decent life for himself and his family, are considered as the basic elements of decent work.

To ensure decent work the most important directions of ongoing work in this area are creation of favorable and safe working conditions, development of effective social security systems, implementation of the right of workers to unite in trade unions, collective bargaining and preventing all forms of child labor and forced labor.

The participants have noted that Uzbekistan has implemented concrete measures to further improve labor relations, protection of rights and legal interests of citizens in social and labor sphere, the close cooperation with ILO. Annually around 1 million jobs are created in the country, public monitoring on the authenticity of newly created jobs and decent working conditions is carried out.

At the same time, a systematic work has been conducted to promote employment through the development of home-based work, handicrafts, stimulation of livestock production in private farms. An important factor in increasing the level of formal employment sector is the development of small business and private entrepreneurship, which involves about 80 percent of all employed in the economy and provides 56 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

In Uzbekistan, an effective state and public control is carried out in the sphere of labor, a constructive social dialogue is established among the government, trade unions and employers to implement decent work principles. There are no problems associated with the use of the worst forms of child labor, discrimination in labor relations on grounds of sex, race, language, religion and other grounds unrelated to employees’ qualifications. The growth in inequality of household incomes is not allowed.

At the conference participants have presented a number of proposals on global directions on labor sphere, enhancing the potential of the social partners. In particular, it is proposed to strengthen the institutional and technical capacity of government labor inspection for the implementation of new technologies to work with employers, communities and modern ICT, including research and development experience of foreign countries in their activities.

It is particularly emphasized the issues of supporting scientific and educational institutions, as well as the preparation of a new generation of textbooks on international labor law, the support of Call-centers of the Ministry of Labour and Trade Unions of Uzbekistan, assisting employers’ organizations in the sustainable competitiveness and accountability of enterprises.

Proposals put forward during the event will be summarized and presented to the ILO as a recommendation. This will be the contribution of Uzbekistan in the development of labor relations at the global level.

The Embassy of Uzbekistan

41, Holland Park, London W11 3RP

[email protected]

 

This press release is published by SupplyFinder on behalf of the Embassy Of Uzbekistan in London

Behind the Scenes, Berlin and Beijing Are Forging a New World Order

Geopolitics are on the move with a possibly violent upheaval in the offing. Earlier this month, at the World Economic Forum in Davos, President Xi Jinping of China donned the mantle of globalism – promising to carry the torch about to be dropped by the United States. Whilst President Jinping seems an unlikely advocate of global free trade, his words caused an impact that is only now becoming clear.

Concerned about the effects on German industry of the protectionist mood taking hold in the White House, German Chancellor Angela Merkel last Wednesday called Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang on the phone to suggest joint action to confront the “elements of uncertainty” rocking the global economy. Chancellor Merkel was unusually frank: “China and Germany should send signals of stability to the global markets and safeguard the international system together via the liberalisation of trade and investment.” The Chinese are listening: a Berlin-Beijing pact (axis?) is in the making.

German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel confirmed that his country, and the wider European Union, is looking to hedge its exposure to nascent US mercantilism by turning to Asia in general and China in particular: “Europe should quickly begin working on a new Asian strategy and take advantage of the space that America is freeing up.” Referring to the restrictions faced by German investors in China, Mr Gabriel admitted that China “isn’t yet ready to be an equal partner.” However, the minister also signalled that if the Chinese improve access to their markets, Germany is ready to strike a deal. An aide to Mr Gabriel put it more succinctly: “President Jinping’s speech in Davos made it perfectly clear that the Chinese are ready to do business. We will take him at his word.”

“China and Germany should send signals of stability to the global markets and safeguard the international system together via the liberalisation of trade and investment.”

That, in any case, seems a safer bet than to try and sway the Trump Administration. Whilst the US president has thus far not targeted Germany, directing his angry tweets to Mexico and China instead, economist Carl Christian von Weizsäcker of the Max Planck Institute in Berlin thinks it is only a matter of time before President Trump unleashes his ire on the Germans. Mr Weizsäcker has urged the government to take pre-emptive action by reducing the country’s massive current account surplus and thus lower Germany’s profile. To accomplish this, Mr Weizsäcker proposes measures to increase domestic consumption such as lowering – aggressively – value added taxes: “This current account balance brake would be a strong weapon to use against newly growing protectionism that represents a threat to Germany’s prosperity.”

With an end to globalisation already in sight, the surplus is expected to shrink significantly in any case. In a recently published report, economists at Credit Suisse conclude that “globalisation has now come to an end and is slowly being replaced by a world where very distinct poles are forming – economically, socially, ethically, and politically.” Professor Thomas Straubhaar of the Economic Department of the University of Hamburg – home to the Wirtschaftswunder – agrees: “At the moment, globalisation is crumbling with a reordering of the global division of labour. Germany and Europe need to find their place in this new order.”

In Berlin, developments are met with disbelief and, increasingly, with a determination to find new markets and partners. Considered the litmus test of the Trump Administration’s trade policy, events surrounding the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) are closely watched. The 1994 deal, known to represent one of President Trump’s many bugbears, has lowered or eliminated both tariff and regulatory barriers between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. For now, conventional wisdom has it that the new US administration will shy away from tearing up the agreement as it would severely disrupt US business and cause crucial supply chains to break.

However, conventional wisdom is not what it used to be and, in the case of Mr Trump, has thus far proven wrong time and again. Car manufacturer BMW already had a brush with the new administration when it pressed ahead with plans to build a $1bn facility in San Luis Potosí to produce its Series 3 sedans. President Trump cautioned BMW not to waste its time and money building a plant in Mexico to sell cars in the US without facing a 35% import tax: “It’s not gonna happen.”

The Munich automaker remains unfazed and said – twice in a week – that it will build the plant regardless of what President Trump says and plans to export its Mexican-made cars the world over. BMW management also reminded the administration that the company’s largest facility is located in Spartanburg, South Carolina, where over 8,800 workers last year assembled more than 400,000 X Series crossover vehicles of which 70% were exported. In fact, BMW is the largest exporter of cars in the United States.

Contrary to American car manufacturers such as Ford and General Motors, German carmakers experience little trouble finding eager buyers and are not likely to be easily intimidated by angry tweets emanating from the White House. Not so Ford, which two weeks ago pulled the plug on a $1.6bn plant in Mexico, deciding to expand its production capacity in Michigan instead.

Germany, flush with cash and not lacking self-confidence as its resilient economy rides high, considers moving closer to Asia and, perhaps, guide Europe towards replacing the Americans after they abruptly cancelled the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), leaving their allies in the lurch – and, crucially, leaving a vacuum that will be filled either by China or Europe, or possibly both. The government in Berlin is anxious to explore the possibilities and to speed up the European Union’s own free trade agreements currently in the making – some sixty as of last count.

European Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmström, unusually combative, on Tuesday said: “Trump or no Trump, we have a long list of countries willing to deal with the EU.” First in line is Japan, the world’s third largest economy, with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe arriving next March in Brussels for talks on a deal that has been in the pipeline since 2013. A treaty with Vietnam has already been completed and is in line for fast-track ratification whilst Mexico has been offered a new and comprehensive FTA. A delegation from the European Parliament, enhanced with heavy-weight commissioners, is set to go on a tour (roadshow?) of Latin America in order to present the EU – the world’s largest market even after the UK has exited – as a valid alternative to the United States.

“An entirely new dynamic in the negotiations can suddenly be felt,” says Bernd Lange, head of the International Trade Committee in Brussels. In fact, Washington’s turn inwards – and President Trump’s well-advertised dislike of the EU – can provide the catalyst that the now moribund European project needs to rediscover its self-worth. Professor Straubhaar: “Moreover, we do not necessarily need to revamp our entire business model since 56% of German exports still go to our oldest and closest partners: France, The Netherlands, Austria, and Italy.” The economist thinks Germany – and Europe – need to get their priorities straight: “Even more than before, we are dependent on a prosperous Europe. The internal market is more important than ever before and this is why, in the face of Brexit and the Trump White House, we need to safeguard that market – protect it from assailants and broaden it to fill the space left by a US administration retreating from the world stage.”

UK Exports – House of Lords Hansard – Lord Waverley

Read full speech here

Doing Business in Nigeria

Doing business in Nigeria

Despite Nigeria’s recent economic woes now may be a good time to consider doing business in Nigeria. A currency that has lost half its value has brought unexpected benefits for business including cheaper production costs and a growing local market. The country is making significant efforts to tackle corruption under President Buhari and according to global benchmarks the environment for doing business is gradually improving.

Keys to Doing Business in Nigeria

Awareness of the cultural values and behaviours of those you wish to do business with is important anywhere. Nigeria has some unique cultural features which you should be responsive to ensure success in your business ventures. Read on to find out more including how to negotiate in Nigeria.

Sensitivity to the Nigerian Context

Whenever you are doing business in Nigeria it is important to remember that Nigeria is a country of wide diversity with regards to both language and ethnicity. More than 500 languages are spoken among 250 different cultural groups and many Nigerians speak several languages in addition to English. This also means that daily customs can differ significantly in various parts of Nigeria and being aware of them can help towards doing business successfully.

Three main regions and associated ethnic groups predominate the Nigerian cultural profile. In the north the Hausa/Fulani (29%) are the principal ethnic group, while the Yoruba (21%) can be found mainly in the south west and the Igbo (18%) in the south east. Roughly half of Nigeria’s population are Muslim while another 40% are Christian. It has been observed that Nigerian people are more likely to identify with their religion and ethnicity first and their nationality second.

Doing business in Nigeria languages

Although women in Nigeria benefit from similar rights to men and are treated much the same in the workplace, be aware that in social situations men and women may be treated differently. Particularly in the north it is possible that women are not be directly greeted when someone enters a room, rather respect is shown through acknowledgement of male relatives. In certain situations it may also be advisable not to initiate contact with the opposite sex in greetings, such as the shaking of hands, but wait for the other party to initiate contact and smile and nod instead.

Bear in mind that many Nigerian businessmen and women may not necessarily have been exposed to the way business is conducted in other cultures and can expect business to be done in “their way”.

Relationship-Building

Doing business in Nigeria is fundamentally rooted in the building of long-term and trust-filled relationships and there is no short-cut through this process. Nigerians generally desire to do business with those they know, trust and like and can distrust those unwilling to make the effort to build relations. Therefore adopt a long-term perspective and be prepared to put the time in to developing key business relationships. Do not push for serious business discussions until your counterparts are comfortable with you.

Doing business in Nigeria relationships

Also note that business relationships here are perceived to exist between people and not necessarily among companies.  This means that personal trust built up in you does not automatically transfer to trust in your company or other company representatives. Therefore it is of critical importance that company interfaces and team line-ups are left unchanged, as adjustments may entail starting the relationship-building process all over again.

Importance of Hierarchy & Respect

In Nigerian business culture hierarchy and respect for senior staff is deep-seated, reflecting wider cultural norms in which respect for elders and those with status and responsibility in society are esteemed. Be aware that hierarchical ways of working are deeply embedded. It is therefore not considered appropriate either in the workplace or outside to question or criticise superiors and those doing business with Nigerians should refrain from voicing open disapproval. This also means that when providing feedback, especially to senior staff, be careful not to offend with direct or harsh comments but rather be diplomatic, constructive and indirect.  Expect that junior staff may sometimes be seen but not heard.

Be sure to always address and refer to individuals using their full and correct titles, as status is highly important in Nigerian society. In written communications enumerate the exact job title with any prefixes.

First ImpressionsDoing business in Nigeria impressions

First impressions are crucial when doing business in Nigeria and will strongly influence the way prospective business partners respond to you. Nigerians are highly image conscious therefore wearing a dark, well-fitting business suit is recommended to make a good impression. Expect that national dress may be worn in business meetings and on Fridays.

Approach to Time

Anyone doing business in Nigeria will need to be conscious that a last minute approach and delays within both planning and implementation are commonplace, though not universal.  Nigerian business culture often works to a different rhythm than Western, for example, with much more in-built flexibility in planning and an elastic approach to deadlines. It is therefore good practice to adopt clear milestones for different phases of longer projects, and be prepared for business meetings and appointments to begin behind schedule.

Personal Interaction

Approaching Conversation

Communication and daily conversation in Nigeria can be a loud affair and greetings are polite, friendly and cheerful and are considered of high value. People in Nigeria are passionate and highly expressive, displaying their emotions openly. However speaking loudly with a serious expression does not necessarily imply that someone is angry, although conversely silence can signify displeasure. Never lose your patience or show anger, even when facing delays or unpunctuality, as this will be perceived to reflect badly on you.  Communication can be straightforward and direct in Nigeria, especially among trusted business associates and friends, however people in Nigeria do not like to say no out of respect for the other person and requests and proposals may receive a “yes” when in fact it is “maybe”.

Doing business in Nigeria greetings

Nigerians also have a more informal concept of personal space and when conversing it is usual for Nigerian people to stand close to one another, sometimes closer than the personal comfort zones of foreign visitors. Resist the temptation to back away, as this could be taken as a sign of discomfort or uneasiness.

When making conversation safe topics include family and hometown, and showing interest in Nigerian culture can reap dividends in opening up pathways for conversation as Nigerians are usually happy to inform you and impart their stories. Family is important and finding out more about your counterpart’s family can also be a good way to begin forming relationships. Expect personal questions and be patient, allowing the other side to establish the pace.

Also be aware that the left hand in much of Nigerian and Muslim culture is considered unclean, therefore never shake hands with your left hand and always use your right hand to pass something to someone and to eat. Always cover your mouth when you yawn as not doing so is considered insulting.

Meetings & Business Cards

Meetings can frequently begin late although foreign visitors will be expected to arrive on time. It may be wise to schedule important meetings well in advance and to call the day before to confirm. When entering a meeting always be sure to greet everyone in the room and accompany introductions with a handshake. You will need to understand that it is acceptable in traditional Nigerian business culture that meetings may not always be private and can be interrupted, either by phone calls or personal visits, and patience is therefore needed.

Doing business in Nigeria business cards

Although business cards may not be given in return, always have to hand a good stock of your own to present to new contacts. Be sure to include clearly any professional titles and advanced degrees on the card. When presenting your business card, do so with your right hand, and only accept other cards with the same hand. Make eye contact and smile when exchanging cards and do not forget to examine the card and treat it with respect.

As building relationships are so central to doing business in Nigeria, expect that initial meetings will mainly focus on getting to know each other and do not push forward a particular agenda prematurely, although business can be discussed. Small talk may be extensive, and humour is valued if not cynical or sarcastic. Although meetings can be quite informal, it might be best to remain slightly more formal in early discussions.

Presentations

When delivering presentations, attractiveness and clear, quality visuals are key. Wherever possible use visual aids such as pictures and diagrams and avoiding complicated expressions to ensure that your presentation is understood by all different language speakers.

Entertainment

Social engagement and entertainment are an essential part of doing business in Nigeria, given the importance of growing relationships and trust. Accept invitations, as many business transactions will continue in a more social atmosphere in a restaurant, in the host’s home or over drinks. Even if you are not thirsty or hungry do accept offers of hospitality as to refuse may be considered rude.

doing-business-nigeria-entertainment

Closing the Deal

It is important to remember that although the building of relationships is vital, Nigerians generally expect that business deals and relationships will yield benefits in the short to medium term. When engaging in negotiations a cooperative style is generally adopted, however often Nigerians will favour a distributed bargaining approach, which may not necessarily lead to a win-win situation and where you may find inferior terms and conditions being offered. However do not express frustration or negative emotions as this may count against you.

Nigerian negotiating style is also highly non-linear, frequently adopting a holistic approach and moving back and forth among negotiating topics in a non-sequential manner. This reflects a wider polychronic and multi-tasking work style and could confuse representatives from more linear and monochronic cultures such as that of northern European countries and the United States.

Expect negotiations to be slow and extensive, as building relationships, gathering information, bargaining and decision-making are all processes which will take time. It may be that several trips will be needed to close the deal.

Techniques of Negotiation

Doing business in Nigeria bargaining

Bargaining and haggling is deeply embedded in Nigerian culture so expect this to be a feature of any negotiations. When in business meetings, even at boardroom level, assume that you will be challenged, as bargaining is an acceptable and expected part of negotiations. Enter into the spirit of negotiations as many Nigerian businesspeople may be offended if you do not. The bargaining stage of any negotiations can be protracted and price movements can be extensive before final amounts are agreed.

A range of other techniques may commonly be used in negotiations:

  • Techniques based on mild deception include the transmission of false non-verbal messages such as feigned disinterest, the misrepresentation of value and the making of false demands or concessions.
  • Pressure techniques may be applied including displaying inflexibility or making final offers which may not, in fact, be final
  • As in other relationship-based cultures emotional techniques can sometimes be employed in negotiations such as attempts to make counterparts feel guilty, attitudinal bargaining, or calling on personal relationships

Doing business in Nigeria negotiating

Counter Tactics

Giving a discount is a traditional way of developing a business relationship in Nigeria and can be used in negotiations to “make you my customer”, as it is known locally.

Remember to always leave plenty of room for negotiation and concessions in any pricing proposed.

The leveraging of personal relationships could play an important role in resolving any disputes in negotiations.

Ensure you keep track at all times of negotiations as they progress.

Silence could be an effective tactic and is rarely used by Nigerian counterparts.

Do not bring a lawyer to the negotiating table as this could be misinterpreted as a sign of mistrust.

For more information on doing business in Nigeria go here

Doing Business in China

Doing business in China open door

Doing business in China can be highly rewarding, and new firms would be in good company. This year FDI in China has so far risen by 4.5% over 2015, bucking the global trend for falling investment flows. Two-thirds of that investment arises from foreign companies eager to establish a presence. However, like anywhere around the globe, business success can ultimately depend on understanding the cultural nuances of doing business.

Keys to Doing Business in China

China represents a unique cultural environment for doing business, with some distinct features that should be understood and embraced if a business is to successfully enter the market or trade.

Building Relationships

Personal relationships and trust are absolutely central to doing business in China, opening the door to deal-making and helping to overcome many of the difficulties associated with market entry and investment.

For the Chinese, relationship-building and the creation of trust before embarking on any business partnership is essential, and getting to know someone face to face is perceived as by far the most effective way of assessing whether they are trustworthy. This is why personal face-to-face meetings are particularly appreciated in Chinese business culture, and should be expected as a key part of developing relationships.

china doing business building relationships

This can mean that initial progress towards achieving business goals may be slow, and this should be understood from the outset. However careful investment in relationship-building will create a solid foundation for future growth.

Assume therefore that first visits to China will accomplish little more than getting to know potential business partners.

Guanxi

Possessing good guanxi (pronounced gwan shee) is what many Chinese and foreign companies credit their success to. Guanxi are one’s network of social and business connections, seen by the Chinese as deeply rooted in mutual benefits and reciprocity and therefore a distinctly two-way relationship.

The strong emphasis on personal relationships in Chinese business culture is mainly directed towards the building of guanxi in a country where centralisation and bureaucracy can imply heavy reliance on personal contacts to get things done.

guanxi doing business in chinaGuanxi places certain obligations on those involved particularly that the relationship will be productive for both sides and ongoing. Therefore if guanxi is expected to deliver, relationships should be sustained through regular contact.

The State’s Role in Business

Despite a gradual reduction of state presence in Chinese business and the swift growth of the private sector many companies in key sectors are still state-owned, and many apparently private companies have a component of state control.

This can strongly influence the manner in which a company does business, and foreign business partners should be alert to the wider business and political environment in which potential Chinese customers or partners operate.

doing business china state role

Interested companies should also note that local government and municipal officials often exercise a greater degree of power than counterparts in other countries.

Taking the time therefore to identify and build personal relationships with key officials can make doing business in China infinitely less time-consuming.

Next we go on to talk about aspects of personal business interaction when doing business in China

Uzbekistan Approves Measures for Accelerated Development of Entrepreneurship

 

On October 5, Interim President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoev approved additional measures to ensure the accelerated development of entrepreneurship, the full protection of private ownership and qualitative improvement of the business climate.

uzbekistan decree

This decree is aimed primarily at further strengthening the legal protection of private property, creation of favorable conditions and comprehensive support for small business and private entrepreneurship, increasing the investment attractiveness of the Republic and represents clear evidence of the transition of state policy in this sphere to a qualitatively new level.

In particular, the decree establishes “providing greater freedom to small business and private entrepreneurship, a radical reduction of interference in their activities with a focus on early warning, improving the efficiency of prevention of violations” as a critical priority and of paramount importance for the state authorities.

Uzbekistan entrepreneurship decree

For these purposes, the state bodies, especially law enforcement and regulatory agencies are instructed to:

– provide the unconditional implementation of the established requirements and the principle of priority of the rights and legitimate interests of business entities, and in connection with the above, to critically review own functions and powers;

– ensure strict compliance with the requirements of the legislation on the responsibility of officials for illegal interference and obstruction of business activities, its unjustified suspension and compensation of the damage caused to business entities directly from the guilty.

This provision obliges the public authorities to apply not only the most stringent disciplinary, administrative or criminal liability, but also to ensure the recovery of the damage caused to business entities directly from the perpetrators.

The implementation of these measures is aimed at preventing the initiation and conduct of illegal inspections, particularly cases of unjustified suspension of the activity of businesses and causing losses due to illegal actions by workers of state organs.

The decree establishes a number of fundamentally new mechanisms of state control, aimed at providing reliable legal guarantees against unjustified interference in the activities of business entities.

In particular, starting from 1 January 2017, the following unprecedented measures are to be applied, including the abolition of all kinds of:

Uzbekistan decree entrepreneurship

– unscheduled inspections over activities of business entities, excluding the inspections in connection with the liquidation of a legal entity, as well as conducted exceptionally by the decision of Republican Council on the coordination of regulatory authorities of short-term inspections based on appeals of individuals and legal entities about the facts of violations of the law;

– counter-checks of activities of business entities, including in criminal cases.

Thus, from now on, regulatory authorities may not initiate unscheduled inspections. In order to ensure legal mechanisms for the protection of the rights and interests of citizens, short-term inspections remain limited only on the basis of appeals of individuals and legal entities on violations of the law. Such inspections can be carried out exclusively by the decision of the national Council, and its duration is limited to one working day.

Along with this, continuing the policy towards liberalising administrative and criminal law, the decree provides for such drastic new measures as the exemption of businesses and their employees, who made financial and economic violations for the first time from all kind of liabilities. Entities carrying out an entrepreneurial activity without state registration are also exempt from liability, in the case of compensation for their damages and of the voluntary elimination of the consequences of violations within the established deadlines.

In addition, a criminal penalty of deprivation of the right to engage in entrepreneurial activities in respect of businesses is prohibited from now on.

These standards not only preclude double punishment of businesses, but also provide an opportunity for citizens, first-time offenders, who compensated their guilt, to continue their business activities without negative consequences, which also intends to stimulate their business activity.

In this regard, appropriate amendments will be made to the Penal code, the Code of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility, the Tax code and other laws.

To improve the investment attractiveness of the Republic, the newly established industrial enterprises with foreign investments can enjoy tax rates and other mandatory payments in effect on the date of their registration during 5 years of their subsequent activity.

This exemption applies to all enterprises with foreign investment irrespective of the amount invested.

The implementation of the Decree will allow for the provision of continuity and sequence of the course defined by the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the drastic elimination of administrative barriers and artificial obstacles to the development of entrepreneurship as a key factor of sustainable development of the economy.

For further information please contact:

Embassy of Uzbekistan in London

[email protected]

This press release is published by SupplyFinder on behalf of the Embassy Of Uzbekistan in London

1st International Fruit and Vegetable Fair in Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan Fruit Vegetable Fair 2016

The 1st International Fruit and Vegetable Fair will be held at JSC Uzexpocentre from 8th to 10th November 2016 in Tashkent. The fair will allow Uzbek companies to present their products, expand their markets for agricultural products, and find new foreign partners. Foreign participants will be able to find partners to establish the supply of fruits and vegetables in their markets. 

The International Fruit and Vegetables Fair is organized by HC Uzbekozikovkatholding, HC Uzvinosanoat-Holding, the Association Uzbekozikovkatzahira, JSC Uzagroeksport and LLC Directorate of International Fruit and Vegetable Fair.

The fair is expected to involve more than 150 domestic suppliers and processors of fruits and vegetables from all regions of Uzbekistan, representatives of relevant ministries, agencies and organisations that represent their products, as well as the needed information for exporters and foreign buyers.

Particularly in exhibition halls there will be presented Uzbek-produced fresh, dried and processed fruits, vegetables, melons and legumes, as well as spices.

Currently there is strong interest for local producers of fruits and vegetables among foreign processing and retail companies.

In order to establish cooperation links between local producers and foreign participants, a negotiation zone will be available in the pavilions of “Uzexpocentre”, where suppliers will be able to hold direct talks with the representatives of foreign trade companies, in particular with procurement decision makers.

Fruit and Vegetable Fair Uzbekistan

Also for foreign participants of the fair there will be special tours of fruit and vegetable processing enterprises, cold storage facilities, as well as extensive gardens.

The main purpose of the fair is:

  • A wide introduction to foreign partners of vegetables, fruits, grapes and melons with unique qualities, as well as processed products produced in Uzbekistan;
  • Establishing long-term and reciprocal partnership relationships between fruit and vegetables producers, processing enterprises and foreign companies and importers.
  • Conclusion of contracts for the supply of fruit and vegetable products.

The Organizing Committee of the fair (Directorate of International Fruit and Vegetable Fair) receives requests from representatives of foreign processing companies, retail companies, shopping and logistics centers to participate in the upcoming fairs.

Registration of participants will close on 5th November 2016.

Contacts:

Embassy of Uzbekistan in London

[email protected]

This press release has been published by SupplyFinder on behalf of the Embassy of Uzbekistan in London

Israel and Palestine – House Of Lords Hansard – Viscount Waverley (CB)

My Lords, my remarks fit between those of the noble Lords, Lord Trimble and Lord Desai.

The Palestinian situation needs to be redefined, if it is to be resolved. The people of historic Palestine have been saddled with the most intense and long-standing stream of emotional and political support, more than any refugee community has received in modern times. Such support, however, has been deluding the Palestinian people and kept them from facing a painful reality—an impossible dream. Their country and homes in Palestine have been permanently lost. Others forced to accept the stark reality of permanent displacement have ultimately been able to move forward with their lives, because they were allowed to settle as full citizens in adopted countries. Not so Palestinians—more than often they are treated as second-class citizens, with little or no civil rights.

The Palestine tragedy has played into the hands of some with the displacement, the Nakba, becoming a cause célèbre for Arabs and Muslims without sufficient support in practical terms. The Israelis have understood all this, and so was created the Palestinian Authority, which has done little more than legitimise de facto Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza. This illusion of return maintained by the Palestinian leadership has achieved the net result of perpetuating the misery for the Palestinian people, who have never given up the powerful emotion of hope. Some would say that this illusion of return has provided a powerful excuse to avoid integrating the Palestinian refugees as full citizens—the excuse being that the never-to-be-fulfilled dream of eventual return to Palestine, and being given citizenship, technically undermined their right of return to Palestine and so should be denied them.

This humiliation tears at the heart of all Palestinians, who care more vehemently about this than any issue in their lives. I combine my remarks on the impossibility of ownership of ancestral land with the critical need to have a legal identity—citizenship with full rights that would allow a person to operate productively in the modern world. This means having a passport and legal residency enabling them to live, work and travel, such as those of a citizen of any respected state.

Why might the time be arriving when Palestinians might consider the painful reality? The first generation, which lived through the Nakba, has now passed. Subsequent Palestinians have endured years of suffering, having grown up in refugee camps with minimal education, training or work opportunities. As things stand, there is no viable future for them or their children. What is required is a collective decision of the Palestinians, but only by those Palestinians who have no nationality, since they are the only ones paying the price. A referendum of all stateless Palestinians should take place on the single question of right of return and claims to Jerusalem in return for nationality and a homeland. Israel should proactively adopt and drive this catalyst for change. It holds the cards and is the only player with the hard power to effect change on the ground.

Rejectionists might resort to terrorism, but the Palestinian people who will have voted will have an enormous stake in its success. Their will would prevail in creating a foundation block in rebuilding a secure and prosperous Levant—failing which, a son of ISIS could become the future of the region. The sensitivity of return must be balanced with the prospect of life in dignity for their children and their children’s children.

Step forward King Abdullah. The time has arrived for the people to decide. Give them the hope they cherish. Let this become a defining moment, a time of partnership, allowing Israel to redefine its contribution to the Arab world.